When The Ethics Of Genetic Engineering Push The Limit

Ethics of genetic engineering are among the most hotly debated subjects in scientific circles throughout the world, and also among the lay people who are going to have to live with the consequences of any choices which are made by those in authority. There are many on either side who argue vehemently for one extreme or the other, believing that genetic engineering is either inherently evil or that it is a godsend which can solve many of the problems which are prevalent in the modern world. Most people are somewhere in the middle of these extremes, interested by the possibilities but worried by the potential consequences.

There are even doubts cast over the wisdom of using genetic engineering at its most basic level, to alter the genetic pattern of food crops so that they can become more hard wearing against disease. This is a technology which is already in place throughout the world, and which is becoming more common with each passing year. There are ethical considerations not only with the techniques themselves, but also with the labeling which is needed to let people know what they are eating. In the United States and many other countries, there is no mandatory labeling of genetically modified food, and that would be difficult to achieve accurately in any case.

The issue of genetic engineering ethics becomes even more uncertain as you move up the food chain. There are many possibilities for using the technology in animals, to produce larger herds which give more meat for the same expense in feed and grazing area, to increase milk yields of cows or goats, or to produce more wool from sheep. There is no doubt all of these objectives can be achieved, but they will interfere with the inherent right of the animals, and the consequences to humans who ingest the products remains unknown.

types of genetic engineering

There are other potential uses of animals which raise the questioning of the ethics of genetic engineering to a completely different level. The first of these is to deliberately grow the animals with more human type genes so that they can be used for the testing or drugs, in the hope that the numbers of experiments which are needed on human volunteers can be drastically reduced. The ethics of deliberately injecting drugs into healthy animals is hotly enough debated, but when those animals are specifically grown with unnatural features specifically for the purpose there have to be serious questions asked.

The issue of genetic engineering ethics is stretched to the limit when it is human interests which are effected. The animals which are grown in more human form can also be grown so that their organs can be transplanted into humans, and this will raise the same doubts as the use of the animals for drug testing. Human genes themselves can be altered, as in the case of people suffering from immune system deficiencies who can be cured by a gene replacement. In this case, the ethics are less debatable as it is only the genes of the patient which are altered.

genetic engineering

The ethics of genetic engineering can be questioned most in the case of barren women who want to use the technology to enable them to have children. For this to happen, there needs to be eggs from a third party mother, and this leaves any resulting child with a permanently altered genetic pattern. Not only that, but this altered pattern with three genetic blueprints is then passed down through the generations for ever. The entire human race could be affected by this issue of the ethics of genetic engineering.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

New Research Targets Cancer's 'Achilles' Heel' - Northwestern University NewsCenter

Northwestern University NewsCenter

New Research Targets Cancer's 'Achilles' Heel'
Northwestern University NewsCenter
EURœIf you think of genetics as hardware, then chromatin is the software,EUR said Backman, the Walter Dill Scott Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering. EURœComplex diseases such as cancer do not depend on the .

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Regeneration of the entire human epidermis using transgenic stem cells - Nature.com

Nature.com

Regeneration of the entire human epidermis using transgenic stem cells
Nature.com
Junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) is a severe and often lethal genetic disease caused by mutations in genes encoding the basement membrane component laminin-332. Surviving ... If the originally transduced clonogenic cells were all long-lived .

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BlizzCon 2017 | Overwatch is getting a new support soon, Moira, a genetic scientist - Telegraph.co.uk

Telegraph.co.uk

BlizzCon 2017 | Overwatch is getting a new support soon, Moira, a genetic scientist
Telegraph.co.uk
Moira is a support hero, offering both damaging and offensive options with her abilities, transitioning between two attack types: a yellow, healing attack, and a purple, damaging attack. She's got to balance these, though: using the healing attack, she .
[NEW HERO COMING SOON] Introducing Moira | OverwatchYouTube
Overwatch Animated Short | EURœHonor and GloryEURYouTube

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Scientists save child's life by growing him new skin - The Verge

The Verge

Scientists save child's life by growing him new skin
The Verge
Doctors created enough skin to cover 80 percent of the body of a seven-year-old boy with a genetic disease EUR” and it saved his life. This isn't the first time that doctors have used genetic engineering to grow new skin, but past attempts only grew a .
junctional epidermolysis bullosa - Genetics Home ReferenceGenetics Home Reference - NIH
de luca - Centro di Medicina Rigenerativa "Stefano Ferrari"Centro di Medicina Rigenerativa "Stefano Ferrari"

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Israeli researchers decode thyroid cancer treatment resistance mechanism - The Jerusalem Post

The Jerusalem Post

Israeli researchers decode thyroid cancer treatment resistance mechanism
The Jerusalem Post
The use of genetic engineering methods allowed researchers to express the PIGU protein in resistant cancer cells and lab animals and succeeded in restoring sensitivity to iodine therapy. EURœThis finding is of great importance to patients with resistance .

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Eugenics 2.0: We're at the Dawn of Choosing Embryos by Health, Height, and More - MIT Technology Review

MIT Technology Review

Eugenics 2.0: We're at the Dawn of Choosing Embryos by Health, Height, and More
MIT Technology Review
Using a combination of computer models and DNA tests, the startup company he's working with, Genomic Prediction, thinks it has a way of predicting which IVF embryos in a laboratory dish would be most likely to develop type 1 diabetes or other complex .

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