What Are Genetic Engineering Facts We Actually Know?

Genetic engineering facts are often not that easy to discover, partly because most of the publicly available printed material on the subject is hopelessly biased on way or the other, and partly because there are so few pieces of information which could truly be described as facts in any case. This is a science which is still very much in its infancy, and most of the consequences of it remain pure speculation. Even though there has already been much research carried out, there will need to be a lot more before much can be stated as a fact.

The one area in which plenty of facts can be stated is in crop engineering. There are many commercial applications of genetic modification technology in agriculture already, with many more currently being researched. It is known for certain that it is possible to breed crop plants which have an increased resistance to pesticides, and consequently to disease. There have already been statistics collected which prove this is effective, although the side effects on nature and the surrounding ecology remains to be seen. It also remains to be seen whether the insects themselves develop and increased resistance to the chemicals which are being used.

It is far more difficult to ascertain facts about the potential next generation of genetically modified crops. These are the ones which are made to be more durable, and better able to cope with harsh weather conditions. It is known that crops can be grown which will be more resistant to temperatures which are considerably colder than the average for that time of year, but how extra durability they will have can only be measured in extensive trials. It is also known that plans can be bred to retain water, giving them an increased resistance against drought, but again empirical tests are needed.

types of genetic engineering

There are also genetic engineering facts which can be ascertained from the results of experiments which been carried out on human genes. There have been attempts to cure immune system deficiencies by altering the genes of human beings, and the fact that over ten people have had their conditions completely cured proves the efficacy of the technique. However, there is more work to be done before this can be applied to the general population, because there were also people who contracted leukemia as a result of the treatments they were given.

In the fields of animal and human genetic engineering there is much more speculation than fact, because very little has actually been tested in real world. There are definitely possibilities for engineering animals so that they grow to be larger and have more meat, but as of now the expense of developing the technology will be prohibitive, as it possible to do the same thing with growth hormones. There are also more controversial ways of using animal genes, such as growing animals with genes similar to humans so that drugs can be tested on them, or even so that their organs can be transplanted into humans.

genetic engineering

Even though genetic engineering facts may be hard to ascertain from the biased articles which exist on the Internet, it is still necessary to read them if you want to be able to form your own independent opinion. You will be able to judge what is being said by both proponents and detractors of genetic engineering, as well as occasionally some reasoned arguments from people who are still trying to make sense of it all. It is also a good idea to keep up to date with any regularly published journals which publish any new developments or changed genetic engineering facts.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

Leather grown using biotechnology is about to hit the catwalk - The Economist

The Economist

Leather grown using biotechnology is about to hit the catwalk
The Economist
To produce its leather, Modern Meadow begins with a strain of yeast that has been genetically engineered to make a protein identical to bovine collagen. Collagen is the principal structural protein in animal bodies. In particular, it gives strength and .

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Quest to colonize space demands boost from biotechnology, synthetic biology - Genetic Literacy Project

Genetic Literacy Project

Quest to colonize space demands boost from biotechnology, synthetic biology
Genetic Literacy Project
Examples of how genetic engineering can help in this area include onsite synthesis of drugs, a capability that will be vital to colonizations, since drugs are vulnerable to radiation, making the prospect of transporting medicines from Earth unattractive.

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Genetically Engineered Corals Could Help Save the Coral Reefs - Interesting Engineering

Interesting Engineering

Genetically Engineered Corals Could Help Save the Coral Reefs
Interesting Engineering
One of the reasons it's so resilient to changes that kill other corals is because it has more genetic variation than most other types of algae. . The usual, well-established genetic engineering methods wouldn't work on this particular species .

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The drive for the perfect offspring can get scary - Chicago Tribune

Chicago Tribune

The drive for the perfect offspring can get scary
Chicago Tribune
Sometimes you hear it argued that the complex nature of genes will prevent major feats of genetic engineering. That may be selling short future advances in Big Data and biomedicine, but even minor changes in genetic diagnosis and selection could have .

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FDA Approves First Gene-Altering Leukemia Treatment, Costing $475000 - New York Times

New York Times

FDA Approves First Gene-Altering Leukemia Treatment, Costing $475000
New York Times
The therapy, marketed as Kymriah and made by Novartis, was approved for children and young adults for an aggressive type of leukemia EUR” B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia EUR” that has resisted standard treatment or relapsed. . To customize Kymriah .
FDA approval brings first gene therapy to the United StatesFDA.gov
Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Treatment (PDQ)EUR”Patient Version - National Cancer InstituteNational Cancer Institute

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