The History Of Genetic Engineering Is Being Written Now

History of genetic engineering is inevitably brief and without a great amount of incident, as this is a young technology with most of its potential still unrealized, and most of its effects still to come. There are significant lessons which can be learned from what has already happened, but much more research will need to be done before we can be certain of the exact potential of this technology, or of the inevitable challenges which will need to be overcome if this potential is to be realized. Even with this advanced technology, progress will come slowly.

Most of the history which is available so far relates to the use of genetic engineering in crop growing. This is the only part of the science which is currently in regular practice and regular commercial use, and which is established to a degree. The first generation of crop engineering involves producing strains which are more resistant to pesticides and other chemicals which are routinely used in the production of standard crops. This has already successfully been achieved, although the effect of the technology on the surrounding nature and the ecology of the planet remains to be seen.

The next generation of crop related genetic engineering is still being implemented, and this is the part which relates to making crops which are more resistant to extreme weather conditions. This would be extremely valuable technology in temperate climates where temperatures can vary from ten degrees or even more from the expected average for the time of year. There is always risk that crops will be destroyed when these extreme temperatures threaten, although the risk is less than in the past when technology was more primitive. History suggests that any application of a technology which is financially viable will eventually happen.

types of genetic engineering

There is already established history of genetic engineering in the area of manipulating human genes. So far, there has been considerable success in the treatment of immune system disorders using a technique of gene substitution. This relatively simple use of genetic engineering technology has so far permanently cured over ten people, and it is still in the early stages of development. The only downside has been that several other people have contracted leukemia as a result of attempting to use this technology. These incidents are believed to be due to incorrect implementation, rather than any inherent problem with the technology.

So many other applications of this technology have virtually no history beyond the laboratories in which they are developed. These include the ones which are still in an early stage, and the ones for which there is uncertainty as to whether or not they will ever be viable. A case in point is the relatively simple technology which can produce farm animals which are larger and more well developed than the naturally occurring animals. The same effect can be achieved with hormones, so it is not known whether or not there will ever be enough commercial demand for a genetically produced line of farm animals.

genetic engineering

The history of genetic engineering is still being written, and will continue to be written for a long time to come. There is certain to be much debate still going on many years from now, as new possible uses for the technology are developed. There are many highly vocal proponents of genetic engineering, and many equally loud and noticeable opponents, so much of the future history will be created in the government buildings of the world. As long as commercial interests have control over political activities, there are likely to be further developments in the history of genetic engineering.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

How the tomato lost its flavorEUREURand the way biotech could bring it back - Genetic Literacy Project

Genetic Literacy Project

How the tomato lost its flavorEUREURand the way biotech could bring it back
Genetic Literacy Project
A tomato's taste is heavily influenced by its genes. Conventional breeding has not been able to strike a good balance between taste and productivity, but that's not the end of the story. Research efforts in genetic modification could bring back flavor .

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3-eyed beetles created using genetic engineering, altering one gene - Genetic Literacy Project

Genetic Literacy Project

3-eyed beetles created using genetic engineering, altering one gene
Genetic Literacy Project
Researchers have intentionally genetically modified a common beetle to develop a third functional eye, right in the middle of its forehead. It builds on pr.

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StopAndAsk: how did humans end up barking mad about dogs? - Buzz.ie

Buzz.ie

StopAndAsk: how did humans end up barking mad about dogs?
Buzz.ie
EURœAll the different types of dog are down to genetic engineering in the 1800s. EURœThat's when dogs became fashionable, it became a status symbol to have a pure-bred dog although that is a fallacy, there's no such thing as a pure bred dog. EURœUntil then .

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Swiss lab develops genetic tool kit to turn any cell into a tumor killer - Ars Technica

Ars Technica

Swiss lab develops genetic tool kit to turn any cell into a tumor killer
Ars Technica
So a group of Swiss researchers has decided to engineer a killing system into non-immune cells to avoid all these side effects. T cells target their tumor-killing immune response through cell-to-cell contact. This is a distinctive . They opted to .

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Scientists Have Engineered Beetles With a Fully Functional Third Eye - ScienceAlert

ScienceAlert

Scientists Have Engineered Beetles With a Fully Functional Third Eye
ScienceAlert
The team then conducted multiple tests to confirm that the new eye had the same cell types, genes, nerve connections and behavioural responses as a normal eye. "This study experimentally disrupts the function of a single, major gene. And, in response .

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As Technology Gets Better, Ethical Prohibitions on Genetically Modifying Human Embryos Are Getting Weaker - Pacific Standard

Pacific Standard

As Technology Gets Better, Ethical Prohibitions on Genetically Modifying Human Embryos Are Getting Weaker
Pacific Standard
In February of 1975, about 150 scientists gathered at the Asilomar conference center in Pacific Grove, California, to discuss what kinds of restrictions should be placed on genetic engineering. Thanks to new technologies that allowed them to directly .

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Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population - Science Daily

Science Daily

Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population
Science Daily
The analysis revealed patterns in the passenger pigeon genome indicating that the species' low genetic diversity was the result of natural selection causing the rapid spread of beneficial mutations through the population and the elimination of bad .

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