Do The Pros Of Genetic Engineering Outweigh The Cons?

Pros of genetic engineering are considered by those in favor of it to outweigh the possible negatives and the moral considerations which concern it, although it is far too early for those to be properly quantified. Genetic engineering is at its most advanced stage when dealing with plants and crops, and many genetically modified foods are already being sold in different countries of the world despite concerns over labeling and safety. When genetic engineering is applied to animals and even humans, there are other greater benefits to be gained, but also with increased risk and danger.

The most obvious benefit of genetically modified food is that it will give increased crop yields for the same area of space, over the standard unmodified crop. This increases the possibility of the human race being fully fed, although this could obviously only happen if there were political changes throughout the world. The modified crop is resistant to pesticides and artificial fertilizers, making it possible to use more chemicals against possible destructive insects and other pests. They can also be more resistant against diseases which can easily spread from one crop to another.

When genetic engineering is applied to plant foods in this way, there is also the possibility of the crop being made more durable. This is the second generation of genetic engineering, and is not yet universally applied. Where it is applied, the crops become more resistant to climatic conditions which can wreak havoc in certain parts of the world. In regions where the temperature can very greatly from the average, there is always the possibility of extreme cold wiping out crops which are grown across a large area, and at best this will cause prices to rise. Drought is a threat in other parts of the world, and genetic engineering can create crops which need far less water.

types of genetic engineering

The pros of genetic engineering in the case of animals are far less easy to define, although there is obviously the potential to create a higher yielding farmyard stock. Cows can be engineered to produce more milk for the same size of herd and space taken, and all animals reared for their meat can be grown to larger sizes. It is not just food products which can be improved, as the sheep which are sheared for their wool can also be engineered to produce more. Animals can be used for other purposes, such as the testing of drugs and even the use of organs for transplants, but these are far more controversial.

There is also a possibility of human genetic engineering, which is the most controversial use of all. Part of this involves using genetics to cure illnesses which are caused by faulty genes in the first place, and this has already successfully been carried out on several occasions. Using genetic engineering to overcome infertility is possible, but this is highly controversial as it involves using eggs from a different mother, giving the child three genetic blueprints instead of two.

genetic engineering

The pros of genetic engineering are obviously encouraging many to implement it, even at this early stage when so little is understood of the potential risks. Even in the apparently relatively safe area of plant genetics, there is the risk that genetically modified plants will spread to other areas and that the entire ecology will be severely affected. The positive sides at the moment are outweighing these considerations and genetically modified food is becoming commonplace. It is only in the coming years when we see the results of this that we will know whether or not the downsides outweigh the pros of genetic engineering.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

Scientists save child's life by growing him new skin - The Verge

The Verge

Scientists save child's life by growing him new skin
The Verge
Doctors created enough skin to cover 80 percent of the body of a seven-year-old boy with a genetic disease EUR” and it saved his life. This isn't the first time that doctors have used genetic engineering to grow new skin, but past attempts only grew a .
de luca - Centro di Medicina Rigenerativa "Stefano Ferrari"Centro di Medicina Rigenerativa "Stefano Ferrari"
junctional epidermolysis bullosa - Genetics Home ReferenceGenetics Home Reference - NIH

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StopAndAsk: how did humans end up barking mad about dogs? - Buzz.ie

Buzz.ie

StopAndAsk: how did humans end up barking mad about dogs?
Buzz.ie
EURœAll the different types of dog are down to genetic engineering in the 1800s. EURœThat's when dogs became fashionable, it became a status symbol to have a pure-bred dog although that is a fallacy, there's no such thing as a pure bred dog. EURœUntil then .

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As Technology Gets Better, Ethical Prohibitions on Genetically Modifying Human Embryos Are Getting Weaker - Pacific Standard

Pacific Standard

As Technology Gets Better, Ethical Prohibitions on Genetically Modifying Human Embryos Are Getting Weaker
Pacific Standard
In February of 1975, about 150 scientists gathered at the Asilomar conference center in Pacific Grove, California, to discuss what kinds of restrictions should be placed on genetic engineering. Thanks to new technologies that allowed them to directly .

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Global Bioherbicides Market, 2025 - Advancements in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Genetic Engineering - Markets Insider

Global Bioherbicides Market, 2025 - Advancements in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Genetic Engineering
Markets Insider
Global Bioherbicides Market, 2025 - Advancements in Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Genetic Engineering . Furthermore Non-Agricultural Crop Type is divided into plantation crops, turf & ornamentals and other non-agricultural crop types.

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Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population - Science Daily

Science Daily

Passenger pigeon genome shows effects of natural selection in a huge population
Science Daily
The analysis revealed patterns in the passenger pigeon genome indicating that the species' low genetic diversity was the result of natural selection causing the rapid spread of beneficial mutations through the population and the elimination of bad .

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LI doctor leads study of Type 1 diabetes' effects on the brain - Newsday

Newsday

LI doctor leads study of Type 1 diabetes' effects on the brain
Newsday
The hormone's emergence as a medication transformed Type 1 from a death sentence into a manageable chronic disease. Patients were further aided when scientists in the late 1970s produced human insulin through genetic engineering, eliminating the .

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